Figure 39.2 shows the countries most severely affected by major disasters in 1991.
Disasters affect every country of the world, but it is the poorest countries where people most frequently lose their lives.
The item Accidents includes all sudden human-made events, and is second only to Flood in frequency.
Storm is in third place, followed by Earthquake and Fire.
While few people are killed by disasters in Europe, the region suffers from disaster events on a scale comparable to that in Asia or Africa, the lower mortality figures reflecting a much lower human vulnerability to crisis.
Across the world, almost a thousand times more people are affected by disaster than are killed and, for many of these people, survival after the disaster is becoming increasingly difficult, leaving them more vulnerable to future shocks.